The human presence at Favignana seems even to come to the upper Paleolithic, in fact there are traces of settlements in the Faraglione area and in the area of San Nicola; The island was known to ancient Greeks as “Aegusa” (the island of goats) and it was found that the Phoenicians settled there from the 8th century BC. The name Favignana derives, however, from the Latin “favonius”, a word that used to indicate the warm wind of the West, and seems to be a direct consequence of Roman occupation following the First Punic War. After the collapse of the empire, the island entered in 1081 under the stable control of the Normans, the authors of its two first important fortifications, Forte San Giacomo and Forte Santa Caterina; So the whole archipelago passes to the Bourbons from the sixteenth century, being mainly used as a prison or a place of confinement.
Speaking of constructions, it is impossible not to mention again the Castle on the top of Mount Santa Caterina, probably the most characteristic structure of the island: it was built as a simple observation tower in the 9th century AD, to be expanded and Strengthened until it assumed its current structure in 1655; Has been used both as a prison and as a stronghold and today, unfortunately, is in a state of abandonment.
Favignana’s second emblem is in all probability the Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception that rises in the heart of the country, famous for its eighteenth-century façade and for its precious objects that retain its interior, a wooden crucifix of the eighteenth century and A marble statue of St. Anthony of the seventeenth century. Other noteworthy architectures are definitely Villa Florio, a Neo-Gothic building that now hosts the tourist info point, and the former Tonnara di Favignana plant, which is no longer in business but remains open to visitors, being transformed into A kind of museum: inside it is possible to observe several historical finds, as well as old videos related to the matting provided by the Light Institute.
Although the number of tuna caught has drastically reduced in recent years, this delicious sea fish